Main Barriers to Education
- War and conflicts
- Economic and Financial difficulties
- Child Labour
- Poor Quality Teaching
- Distance to school and Inadequate school infrastructure
- Cultural customs, traditions and perceptions of the value of educating girls
Economic growth in Vietnam has averaged a strong 6.4% each year for the past decade, this has begun to slow in recent times, as is similar with the country’s GDP, which in 2013 was 5.4%, and which is also projected to slow this year. Inflation in Vietnam plummeted from 23% in 2011 to 4.2% in 2014, therefore stabilizing their economy.
Vietnam was not always so economically fortunate; in 1986 the government introduced reforms that would lift this country from being one of the poorest in the world, to being a lower middle income country within a quarter of a century. In the 1990’s more than 60% of this country’s population were in poverty, today, this amount is under 10% and in the same time frame, mean income for the bottom 40% of the Vietnamese population increased by an annual average of 9% according to the World Bank.
Vietnam has already met four of its ten millennium development goals and is on target to meet three more by 2015. This country has made impressive strides toward ensuring all children have access to a quality education. With 96% of six to 11-year-olds enrolled in primary school.
The Philippines, Thailand, Cambodia, Lao PDR, Vietnam, Indonesia, Myanmar, Malaysia, and East Timor continue to face challenges in reaching and educating out of school children (OOSC). The EAC-UNESCO Asia Pacific Regional Bureau for Education Strengthening Education Systems for Out of School Children project seeks to enrol and retain 50,000 out of school children in quality primary education programs in the sub-region.