Pakistan is transitioning from an agriculture economy to one oriented around industry and services. The country spends a large proportion of its budget on national security and loan interest payments, leaving relatively smaller amounts for investment in infrastructure and social services, such as health and education.

source(s): UNESCO EFA Global Monitoring Report 2013/14

Main Barriers to Education

  • Teacher absenteeism & shortages
  • Insecurity
  • Natural disasters
  • Weak school management

Interventions to Barriers

  • Community mobilisaiton & engagement
  • Enrolment drives
  • Teacher training & support
  • Data collection, management & analysis

At present, Pakistan is in the throes of an education crisis – one in 10 out of school children (OOSC) worldwide reside there. Of the estimated 127,000 government-run schools, 10.9 percent lack a proper building, 33.9 percent lack water and 59.6 percent lack electricity. This results in a heavy reliance on the private sector to provide educational opportunities. However, only a fraction of all private schools is accessible to low-income students. Consequently, a large percentage of people who cannot afford private institutions are, in effect, left with no access to education.

Though the demand for education is strong, the public sector has been unable to deliver, due to poor management, corruption, insecurity, natural disasters and teacher absenteeism. As a result, there is a lack of safe, accessible and affordable schools, especially for the poor. According to Pakistan’s EFA 2015 National Review, only 66.8 percent of enrolled children will remain until class 5 and 33.2 percent will drop out before completing the full primary course.

In response to Pakistan’s education crisis, EAC has forged partnerships with the British Council, the Citizens Foundation and UNHCR. Through respective initiatives, these projects will train volunteers to support drives that inform parents and facilitate the enrolment and retention of vulnerable children; train teachers and implement an incentives programme for beneficiaries; ensure safe learning environments and improved data analysis to promote better learning outcomes.


Geographic Location: South Asia

Languages: English (official), Urdu (official), Punjabi, Sindhi, Saraiki, Pashto, Balochi, Hindko, Brahui


Year added: 


Access to Education for One Million OOSC in Pakistan

Over the course of a three-year period, the American Refugee Committee (ARC) intends to reach and enrol 1,050,000 OOSC in selected districts of Punjab, Sindh, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit Baltisan, Baluchistan and ICT into formal and non-formal school settings.

Educate A Child Partnership

Successfully Completed Project

Educate A Child (EAC) has partnered with UNHCR to bring quality primary education to refugee children in 12 priority countries.

Education for OOSC in Pakistan

Successfully Completed Project

In partnership with EAC, The Citizens Foundation’s Education for OOSC in Pakistan project targets out of school children from marginalized communities in low income and conflict-ridden (sectarian/religious) areas, of Pakistan who have been deprived from educational opportunities.
Enabling, Encouraging & Excelling

Enabling, Encouraging & Excelling

As the global refugee protection agency, the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) is responsible for ensuring that refugee children have access to quality education in their countries of asylum. There are over 2.7 million refugee children out of school in 12 targeted project countries.


Successfully Completed Project

In partnership with EAC, the British Council in Pakistan is expanding the current Ilm-Possible programme to 70 districts, covering all provinces of the country to reach 185,000 out of school children with quality primary education.

Ilm-Possible: Take a Child to School Phase II

Over three years, in partnership with EAC, the British Council’s Ilm-Possible: Take a Child to School (TACS) Phase II project seeks to enrol 200,000 OOSC between the ages of 5 and 11 throughout Pakistan.
Mainstreaming Out of Primary School Children

Mainstreaming Out of Primary School Children

In collaboration, EAC and UNESCO Pakistan aim to reach 100,000 out of school children (OOSC) with quality primary education across the country’s Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces, as well as the four federal areas.


American Refugee Committee

Through community mobilisation, teacher training and school construction, EAC and the American Refugee Committee seek to reach 1,050,000 out of school children (OOSC) with access to quality primary education across Pakistan.

British Council

Building on its partnership with EAC from Phase I, which targeted the enrolment of 185,000 out of school children (OOSC) in Pakistan, the British Council now aims at providing an additional 200,000 with access to quality primary education in 70 districts across the country’s Baluchistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh provinces.

The Citizens Foundation (TCF)

The Citizens Foundation (TCF) in Pakistan believes that access to basic education is the right of each individual and not a privilege. The EAC-TCF partnership works to help guarantee this right, by providing quality education to children who live in rural and urban slums of Pakistan.


EAC partnership with UNHCR will ensure quality education for over 448,000 refugee children. UNHCR and EAC’s shared commitment to children in the most extreme circumstances help to ensure that all children in crisis situations have the opportunity to gain from the benefits of basic education.